In 2019, the Society of Jesus has announced four new “Universal Apostolic Preferences” (UAPs) to guide its mission for the next 10 years. Crafted through a 16-month dialogue with Jesuits around the world, the UAPs are: promoting discernment and the Spiritual Exercises; walking with the excluded; caring for our common home; and journeying with youth.
In a very Ignatian way of proceeding, the Society chose to emphasize these themes by naming them “preferences” (as opposed to “priorities”) to reflect the spirit of discernment involved in settling on the four UAPs: when deciding between good options, all other things being equal, we should “prefer” to do to one thing over another — “priorities” suggests that we have made these four topics our focus no matter what other activities might be possible.
“Our desire has been to find the best way to collaborate in the Lord’s mission, the best way to serve the Church at this time, the best contribution we can make with what we are and have, seeking to do what is for the greater divine service and the more universal good,” wrote Father General Arturo Sosa in a letter introducing the UAPs to the whole Society of Jesus. “We have lived through a process that has produced, step by step, a consensus that we believe is guided by the Holy Spirit.”
The UAPs replace Apostolic Preferences that were released by then-Superior General Father Peter-Hans Kolvenbach in 2003, which prioritized ministries in China, Africa, the intellectual apostolate, the Roman houses, and among migrants and refugees. The worldwide discernment process leading to the update focused on three main questions: “Where do we hear the call of Jesus today as He carries His cross in the world?” “What is the Church asking of us?” and “Where are we most needed?”
Throughout the preparatory dialogue, several central themes emerged: accompaniment with the people of God at every stage of life and in every social setting; sharing the gifts of Ignatian Spirituality with a broader audience; and caring for God’s creation. Father General and his team boiled them down to the four UAPs and shared them with Pope Francis earlier this year. The Holy Father replied with a single question: “Is this what you need the Society of Jesus to be doing at this point in its history?” After a period of prayer and reflection, Pope Francis returned the UAPs to Father General — not just as a document, but as a mission to the Jesuits from the Holy Father himself.
“The preferences seek to unleash a process of apostolic revitalization and creativity that makes us better servants of reconciliation and justice,” Father General wrote. “Let us undertake this process, designing it and assessing it in accord with persons, times, and places in the light of the Church’s orientations and the Spirit’s guidance.”